GLTFCA Freshwater Resource Management Strategy

Rorly Sherwen's picture
22 February 2024

The Greater Limpopo Transfrontier Conservation Area (GLTFCA) has embarked on a comprehensive strategy to manage its freshwater resources, aiming to enhance cooperation, build capacity, and leverage partnerships across the region. The GLTFCA, established in 2002, spans across Mozambique, South Africa, and Zimbabwe, incorporating protected areas like the Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park (GLTP) and surrounding regions.

Recognizing the crucial role of freshwater systems in sustaining ecosystems and livelihoods, the GLTFCA Joint Management Board (JMB) approved the development of a Freshwater Resource Management Strategy (FRMS). This strategy, conducted by PEGASYS, was shaped by insights from the USAID Resilient Waters Program (RWP) and local institutions with expertise in freshwater conservation.

One of the significant contributors to this strategy was the Kruger National Park (KNP), which shared its knowledge gained through adversity, particularly during extreme drought and flood conditions. This collaborative effort resulted in the formulation of a comprehensive FRMS and implementation plan tailored to the GLTFCA's unique landscape.

The GLTFCA FRMS aims to bring immediate benefits to freshwater conservation, governed by a tripartite partnership involving Mozambique’s National Administration of Conservation Areas (ANAC), South African National Parks (SANParks), and Zimbabwe Parks and Wildlife Management Authority (ZIMParks). Moreover, it aligns efforts with the Limpopo Watercourse Commission (LIMCOM), ensuring coordination between transboundary conservation and water management initiatives.

The strategic objectives of the GLTFCA FRMS include facilitating freshwater conservation, harmonizing with regional policies and legal frameworks, fostering partnerships among stakeholders, enhancing knowledge exchange, and supporting international targets such as the Sustainable Development Goals particularly SDG6 (Clean Water and Sanitation).

To operationalize these objectives, a Memorandum of Understanding  between GLTFCA and the Limpopo River Basin Commission (LIMCOM) has been established. This MoU outlines key areas of collaboration, including governance, integrated resource management, infrastructure development, and partnerships.

Overall, the development of the GLTFCA FRMS signifies a significant step towards sustainable freshwater management in the region. By combining expertise, fostering collaboration, and aligning with regional initiatives, the GLTFCA aims to safeguard its precious freshwater resources for the benefit of both nature and communities across borders.

For more information about the GLTFCA Freshwater Resource Management Strategy, please contact Gwinyai Muti on gmuti[at]peaceparks[dot]org